Overview image of project "SmarAQnet"

Air quality and the associated subjective and health-related quality of life are among the important topics of our time. However, it is very difficult for many cities to take measures that to accommodate today’s needs concerning e.g. mobility, housing and work, because a consistent data base with fine-granular data and information on causal chains is more…

Software Campus: Augmented Reality for in-situ Process Visualization (ARVis)


Software Campus: Augmented Reality for in-situ Process Visualization (ARVis) The increasing complexity of processes leads to an enormous amount of data which needs to be processed and understood by people. This is true for a great variability of processes, such as a production process in a factory or a more abstract procedure settled in an more…



RüttelFlug is a sensory augmentation wearable for paragliders. The intelligent wristband measures vertical speed of the pilot and converts it into intuitively differentiable vibration patterns. As tactile perception is used for information transmission, the pilot can use his other senses, such as the eyes and ears, for experiencing flying. The key to flying more…

Software Campus: KEESmartHome – Comfort-Efficiency-Equilibrium in a Smart Home


Lowering the energy consumption has become a prime goal for most, if not all, system developers and engineers working nowadays in building smart environments, consorting that way with the today’s world’s climate and energy policy. A smart environment like a smart home should therefore be able to provide energy efficient solutions and services. This should more…

SDI-X: Smart Data Innovation processes, tools and operational concepts


The BMBF-funded project Smart Data Innovation processes, tools and operational concepts (SDI-X) researches appropriate tools and best practices to not only facilitate extensive data analysis projects between different research and industry partners, but also enable their prompt implementation. The project is one of the publicly-funded pillars that support the operation of the SDIL and as more…

Smart Data Solutions for Producing SMEs in Baden-Württemberg


Besides the BMBF-funded Project SDI-X this project is the second pillar of the state support of the SDIL. The project is funded by the Ministry of science, research and art Baden-Württemberg (MWK) as part of the Smart Data Solution Center Baden-Württemberg (SDSC BW) to explore the use of suitable smart data more…



Within the BMBF-funded project “Lehre hoch Forschung”, several measures to establish research-oriented teaching at a much earlier stage than in traditional university teaching are implemented at KIT – both in individual institutes as well as in the central institutions. TECO / the Chair for Pervasive Computing Systems is involved in the more…

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ScaleIT: Scaling ICT for Increasing Productivity in mechtronics manufacturing


Germany has a leading position in the development of mechatronic systems. However, manufacturers often face the following contradiction: on the one hand they themselves manufacture high-tech for the production of tomorrow and on the other hand due to the high diversity in their own production they become fragmented with to manual processes. The lack of more…



Closeup of ProximityHat

ProximityHat is a wearable sensory substitution system, which uses pressure actuators around the head to convey spatial information. It was already shown that the sense of touch can be used to augment our perception of reality. Existing systems focus on vibration signals for information transfer, but this is unsuitable for constant stimulation in everyday use. Our system more…

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Software Campus: AnKSeK – Anonymization techniques for automatic calibration of distributed sensor systems


In order to meet the increasing demands for high resolution and high quality environmental data, e.g. in Smart City scenarios, new approaches for sensing systems have to be considered. One alternative for using few professional measuring stations consists in crowdsourcing the data collection – Participatory Sensing. Data is collected highly distributed with mobile and inexpensive more…

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Software Campus: FeinPhone

MobileDust - Mobile Particulate Matter Measurements with Smartphones

The ubiquity of mobile networks and smartphones in principle offers an excellent infrastructure for participatory environmental measurements, e.g. in Smart City scenarios. Modern smartphones are already equipped with a variety of internal sensors. In some current models, even environmental sensors for measuring temperature, humidity and air pressure can be found. However, phenomena such as the more…

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GPU + In-Memory Data Management for Big Data Analytics


In this project, we develop a tool chain based on In-Memory Data Management and Parallel Data Processing in GPU using CUDA for large and intensive Smart Meter analytics.


SDIL – Smart Data Innovation Lab


Description The Smart Data Innovation Lab (SDIL) is a German nationwide research initiative from the Work Group 6 of national IT Summit The SDIL has been launched by national politics and IT industry on 8th January, 2014 at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). The goal of the SDIL is to make more…

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Software Campus: InstaGuide – A Document Generation Prototype for Reconfigurable Software


The Software Campus project InstaGuide tackles the problem of document generation in high variability intelligent industrial environments. The goal is to create a software prototype which can facilitate the dynamic generation of product documentation based not only on the current software configuration but also on the context at hand. At the core, it enables association, more…

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Software Campus: AKTIFUNK


Human activity recognition, i.e. the recognition of a users’ current physical activity (e.g. walking, eating, sleeping) by monitoring and analyzing her/his behavior and the environment, can improve quality of living. However, current sensors for activity recognition have a number of drawbacks such as installation/attachment effort, battery runtime or privacy concerns. In AKTIFUNK, TECO is researching more…

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Software Campus: MARC² – Improving Activity Recognition on Mobile Devices Using Crowdsourcing and Cloud Information

MARK Framework

In Germany, the majority of people already owns a smartphone or another mobile device – and carries, unconsciously, a well-equipped sensor system with them. Just a few of these sensors are sufficient to draw conclusions about current and future activities or the context of the owner. Even non-physical data sources may provide relevant information for more…

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Software Campus: PreTIGA


The Software Campus project PreTIGA is about optimizing player experience in game environments based on a generalizable model. The objectives are to build a game model generalizable to diverse game environments as a foundation to predict situations of interest like a decrease in fun or the drop-out of players and to proactively prevent such situation. more…

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Software Campus: Data Driven Decision Recommendation for Administrative Bodies Based on Collective Intelligence


The enormous amount of data created by people using every day mobile devices with increasingly sensing capabilities, such as image, location and other data, has led to the establishment of a new crowdsourcing concept called Participatory Sensing. It describes people voluntarily sensing their local environment and sharing this data using mobile phones and the web, more…

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The world is increasingly being “technified”, yet many people can’t use modern ICT  due to Disability, (Digital) Illiteracy,  or Aging: We don’t have solutions for all. It’s too expensive for many. People don’t know what exists that would help them. Access to ONE device is no longer sufficient: access to all encountered devices is needed… more…

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The bPart is a sensor node with Bluetooth Low Energy (BT LE) radio and several off the shelf MEMS sensors, all highly integrated in a volume of less than 1cm³. Aside from the BT transceiver, the bPart features a light sensor, 3-axis accelerometer, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, battery, processing unit and a multicolor more…

Science Bridge Asia


Description Science Bridge Asia: Urban Sensing of City Dynamics and Energy Use in the Beijing Metropolitan Area The “Science Bridge: Asia” program of the Robert Bosch Stiftung supports scientists working in Germany who would like to strengthen and rekindle exchange and cooperation with researchers in China, Indonesia, India, Japan, Singapore, South Korea or Vietnam. more…



Particulate Matter has a serious impact on health, well-being and the life expectancy of people. Today, only few stationary or mobile sensing stations are available for the monitoring of large areas, e.g. a city. This project aims to develop mobile particulate matter dosimeters that can be used for distributed Fine Dust Monitoring, e.g. through Participatory more…



The project Towards a Mobile Hybrid Cloud is an activity in the Computing in the Cloud action line of EIT ICT Labs. It is a continuation of the 2012 project Towards a Mobile Cloud and has the goal to deliver concepts and tools for managing specific aspects of hybrid cloud environments, including the optimization of quality of service and more…

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AR Sensors

CeBIT: Mobil und sicher in der „d!conomy“ Schwerpunkte Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion mit mobilen Endgeräten, Datensicherheit und Multicore-Technik auf dem Gemeinschaftsstand von KIT und FZI copyright by KIT Presse, Kommunikation und Marketing Abdruck honorarfrei im redaktionellen Bereich Belegexemplar erbeten *** Local Caption *** CeBIT: Mobil und sicher in der „d!conomy“ Schwerpunkte Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion mit mobilen Endgeräten, Datensicherheit und Multicore-Technik auf dem Gemeinschaftsstand von KIT und FZI copyright by KIT Presse, Kommunikation und Marketing Abdruck honorarfrei im redaktionellen Bereich Belegexemplar erbeten

Servicing the factory of the future raises challenges for the service teams and organizations. The industrial plant environment is changing rapidly due to the impact of the market and new autonomously operating information technologies such as on site information and communication services, an Internet of Things (IoT), smart sensors and intelligent automation devices as well more…

Software Campus: Hot Updates in Distributed Systems


The Software Campus UHUS project is about updating the software components of distributed sensor-actor systems at runtime. It’s goals are to provide mechanisms to implement hot updates on individual devices, and provide planning strategies to coordinate update plans on many systems.

Start/End: 2013-2014
Partners: SAP AG
Research Topics: Hot Updates, Software Updates at System Runtime, Cyber-Physical Systems

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Software Campus: FRAGMENTS – A Development Framework for Human-Computer-Interactions in Intelligent Environments

FRAGMENTS framework

The Software Campus project FRAGMENTS is about interacting with intelligent environments. The goal is to create a software framework which can facilitate the design and development of efficient and intuitive user interfaces by the use of appropriate design guidelines. The editor at the core of the framework enables short iteration cycles by providing basic interface more…

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TECO Envboard

The TECO Envboard - A multi-sensor platform for research and development

  The TECO Envboard is an environmental sensing platform for research and development purposes. It carries a variety of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) sensors, ranging from accelerometers over weather sensors like temperature, humidity and barometric pressure to sensors for gas concentrations and particulate matter. The Envboard is intended to be generically suitable for various application scenarios. more…



Digital Preservation (DP) is traditionally understood as the management of digital information over time. The digital preservation problem is well-understood for query-centric information scenarios but has been less explored for scenarios where the important digital information to be preserved is the execution context within which data is processed, analysed, transformed and rendered. A primary motivation more…

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Towards a Mobile Cloud: an EIT ICT LABS ACTIVITY

Overview of the Research Scenario

The project Towards a Mobile Cloud is an activity in the Computing in the Cloud action line of EIT ICT Labs. It conducts research in order to support next-generation elastic mobile clouds, where mobile scenarios are consistently supported by cloud environments. Benchmarking and Evaluation Tools for assessing the elasticity of mobile networks, platform-as-a-service (PaaS) and for computations involving mobile devices will developed in form of demonstrators.

Start/End: 2012-2013
Partners: Aalto University, Ericsson, KIT, SAP AG

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Software Campus: VDAR – An IT Project of Future Decentralized Power Markets


The Software Campus integrates higher education and research projects in an innovative dual concept. It embeds students in a partnership with leading German IT companies, offering them relevant workshops and career mentoring by top managers.
The goal of the Software Campus is to establish a top-ranked qualification program at the highest scientific level in which industry and academia work together to create first-class curricula. It also tries to offer a glimpse of the wide range of innovative career paths and professional fields in IT and software expertise, and to generate enthusiasm for an IT management career for men and women alike.
The research project of TECO: Distributed Autonomic Control Systems for Decentralized Energy Markets (VDAR), which proposes hybrid approaches with distributed control loops to realize a real-time controlled energy market model through interacting with physical power systems.

Start/End: 2012-2014
Industrial partner of TECO: SAP AG Research Topics: distributed feedback control, energy market modeling, anytime prediction, service-oriented architecture.

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Digital Preservation (DP) is traditionally understood as the management of digital information over time. The digital preservation problem is well-understood for query-centric information scenarios but has been less explored for scenarios where the important digital information to be preserved is the execution context within which data is processed, analysed, transformed and rendered.
A primary motivation for TIMBUS is the declining popularity of centralized in-house business processes maintained and owned by single entities. The presence of Software as a Service (SaaS) and Internet of Services (IoS) means business processes are increasingly supported by service oriented systems where numerous services provided by different providers, located in different geographical locations are composed to form value added service compositions and service systems which will continue changing and evolving. Besides the advantages of SaaS and IoS there is the danger of services and service providers disappearing (for various reasons) leaving partially complete business processes.
TIMBUS will endeavour to enlarge the understanding of DP to include the set of activities, processes and tools that ensure continued access to services and software necessary to produce the context within which information can be accessed, properly rendered, validated and transformed into context based knowledge. One of the fundamental requirements is to preserve the functional and non-functional specifications of services and software, along with their dependencies. This enlarged understanding brings DP clearly into the domain of Business Continuity Management (BCM).

Start/End: 2011-2013
Partners: SAP AG, Secure Business Austria, Software Quality Systems, Institute for Information, Telecommunication and Media Law, University of Muenster, Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Investigaçâo e Desenvolvimento em Lisboa, iPharro, Intel, Caixa Mágica Software, Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (National Laboratory for Civil Engineering, Portugal), Laboratory of Instrumentation and Experimental Particles Physics, Digital Preservation Coalition
Research Topics: digital preservation, reasoning, business process monitoring, virtualisation, context-awareness, business continuity management

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Koordinator is the follow up project to the sucessful BMBF project landmarke in which research was directed towards the creation of an ad hoc wireless sensor network to improve firefighter navigation. In Koordinator it is now investigated how this navigation support network may be extended using novel pervasive technologies to improve mission control in the field.

Start/End: 2011-2014
Partners: Institute of Firefighter Education NRW, Vomatec International GmbH, University Of Siegen, Dresden Elektronik
Research Topics: Wireless sensor networks, Ubiquitous computing applications, Implicite situation and context awareness




The DiagnOptiMesh project will conduct original research on the possibilities to diagnose and optimize the status of commercial wireless networks based on the WirelessHART standard. This will be the first attempt to establish network diagnosis and management for wireless field bus systems used in industrial automation that will collect diagnostic information and optimize the system behaviour accordingly. Research topics include identification of suitable network properties and methods to infer the status from these, as well as the assessment of influential communication parameters. After implementing the necessary protocol extension, and network analysis and management algorithms, the new technology will be evaluated in extensive field-tests. The result of the project will be a software based solution, but implementation in hardware is envisioned for the final product.

Start/End: 2010-2012
Partners: Softing Industrial Automation GmbH
Research Topics: WirelessHART, Wireless Sensor Networks, Network Management


DFG SPP 1183: Organic computing – Emergent radio


Classical approaches of computer science do not scale well for today’s large and complex software-intensive systems. Software Cooperative and collaborative strategies for transmission in wireless sensor networks enable transmission range restricted nodes to reach distant receivers by superimposing transmission signals. This addresses an important practical problem of wireless sensor networks. In this proposal we extend this strategy by emergent properties: We establish a method to adapt the collaborative emergent optimisation process by a) remembering previous behaviour from similar situations, b) using this information to adapt the current optimisation run by using randomised and feedback-based approaches to determine an optimally pre-synchronised set of nodes for transmission and c) optimising and learning observed optimisation behaviour for the random process, which is better than the behaviour we had in memory so far. Using feedback information is a natural and intuitive approach to adapt to the the scenario’s dynamics without the requirement for external intervention. Our approach will therefore show both emergent and self-organisation properties. We will demonstrate the suitability of the method by implementing and deploying a sensor network in an office setting. The demonstration will show how to globally minimise and equalise the energy used for collaborative transmission.

Start/End: 2009-2011




The dinam concept is a novel approach to simplified rapid development of wireless sensor network applications as well as an according WSN platform. As opposed to the traditional mote- based development archetype, dinam proposes combining the development steps into a single continuous, fluid process that is completely integrated into the node. The dinam concept sensor node, called the dinam-mite, integrates all development tools, source code and other data into the sensor node system. This concept will greatly reduce the amount of effort required to develop wireless sensor network applications by removing the overhead of installation, iterative development steps and complexity of the development process. Initial results indicate that an integrated instruction and development period of 10 minutes is sufficient for simple applications using the dinam approach.

Start: 2009
Research Topics: Human-Computer-Interaction, Wireless sensor networks, Ubiquitous Computing applications

SenseCast: Context Prediction for Optimisation of Network Parameters in Wireless Sensor Networks


The aim of the project is to develop new methods for context prediction in wireless sensor networks and to utilise these for dynamic adaptation and optimisation of network behaviour. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) provide the infrastructure for communication and measurement in environments where installing network and measurement hardware would be infeasible because of financial, local, and technical restrictions. Methods for prediction of time series are applied, for instance, in predicting financial time series or for computing weather forecasts. Current approaches for prediction in WSNs estimate environment parameters to verify or correct measurement values. We apply methods of prediction to optimise parameters of the network. The goal of the project SenseCast is to determine ways to anticipate critical situations in WSNs by applying methods of prediction and to dynamically optimise network properties and parameters accordingly. Thus, properties, such as reduced energy consumption and decreased latency, can be guaranteed. The focus of the project is to improve the quality of the prediction by decreasing the number of erros in the input time series, by employing collaborative strategies for prediction, and by optimisation of methods for context prognosis, as well as to utilise prediction strategies for adaptation of network parameters for optimisation of network behaviour in WSNs.

Start/End: 2009-2010
Research Topics: optimisation of context prediction in low-cost wireless sensor networks, collaborative strategies for context prediction, adaptation of network parameters based on prediction


MoSe (Modeling of Sensor Network)


With the progress of wireless sensor network (WSN), this emerging technique is soon applied in many industrial projects. However, a standard to describe the security level in WSN is still lacking, which becomes very needful today. In MoSe Project we try to build a formal model to describe the security level of sensor network and also to give guideline of how to achieve these security levels. The work comprises following parts: collection of academic and industrial applications of WSN; building a formal characteristic card for WSN; investigating a formal model of security-related issues and the risk analysis with real examples.

Start/End: 2009-2010
Partners: ITM, Uni Karlsruhe Germany
Research Topics: Security of Sensor Networks, Survey of Applications/Technical characteristics of WSN

Project Intelligenter Güterwagen (Intelligent waggon)


Wireless sensor networks are well suited for supervising conditions in various environments. When used in rail cargo for continuous monitoring of freight wagons, the results can provide many benefits for the operator, such as train sequence monitoring, monitoring of unusual events that may lead to accidents or estimation of optimal service points. The main challenges for WSNs in this scenario are an unfavorable radio channel as wagons are basically steel boxes as well as the requirement of minimum to zero maintenance with sensor lifetimes of several years. The accurate monitoring of position and state of freight wagons is a challenging application for wireless sensor networks (WSN). The owner of a freight wagon has limited impact on the exact travel route or on the order and composition of wagons in a train. Wagons might be re-coupled several times before the final destination is reached and wagons of several owners become mixed in trains. Therefore, an adaptive wireless solution is required. The Projekt Intelligenter Güterwagon (PIG) is about evaluating the use of WSN technology in a freight train environment. Before such benefits are available channel measurements have to be taken to find the basic operation conditions of a wireless sensor network (WSN), and a WSN has to be designed, implemented and verified.

Start/End: 2009-2010
Partners: Particle-Computer , Novaconsult GmbH
Research Topics: Wireless sensor networks, Wake-up on radio, Ultra low power communication protocols

IT-Ecosystems subproject “LocCom”


Classical approaches of computer science do not scale well for today’s large and complex software-intensive systems. Software systems cannot be considered in isolation, since they are connected among each other and interact massively. Instead they are to be designed as parts of a larger IT Ecosystem. In analogy to biological ecosystems, IT Ecosystems are based on the balance between individuals (autonomy) and sets of rules (control) defining equilibria within an IT Ecosystem. Maintaining and continuously evolving IT Ecosystems requires deep understanding of this balance.
In the IT Ecosystems subproject LocCom (local communities) we develop methods, concepts, and tools for decentralized IT Ecosystems. Our part is especially the resaerch of context detection, handling and pattern recognition.

Start/End: 2009-2011
Partners: Technische Universität Clausthal, Leibniz Universität Hannover
Research Topics: Context detection and handling, pattern recognition



Chosen: Cooperative Hybrid Objects Sensor Networks. Chosen researches, develops and applies a ultra-low power standard chipset for wireless sensor nodes that will be SOA/Web2.0 enabled. The sensor node will have features as wake-up-on-radio pattern and will integrate directly into Web 2.0 applications. Applications areas cover automotive and avionics. TU Braunschweig leads the middleware and system/integration effort of this project.

Start/End: 2008-2011
Partners: Infineon, TU Vienna, Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique, EADS, Fiat
Research Topics: Wireless sensor networks, Web 2.0, SOA, Ubiquitous Computing applications, ultra-low power
Application and economic dissemination: standard wireless sensor platform, applications in avionics, automotive

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The objective of the research project Polytos is to develop printed organic circuits with integrated sensors capable of recording data such as temperature, humidity or light exposure. The deployment of these types of printed organic circuits for item-level-tagging in logistics or supply chain scenarios could be used as organic printed smart labels in the future. In this project we are researching on highly scalable communication protocols, which will be capable to read out the sensory information from more than 1000 labeled items in a short time frame.

Start/End: 2009-2012
Partners: SAP AG, PolyIC GmbH & Co. KG, BASF SE, Robert Bosch GmbH, Merck KGaA, Pepperl+Fuchs GmbH, TU Darmstadt, Hochschule Mannheim, Universitaet Heidelberg
Research Topics: Organic Printed Electronics, Communication Protocols




Aletheia is a leading innovation project, sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, that aims at obtaining comprehensive access to product information through the use of semantic technologies. TecO researches in federating information from heterogeneous device such as sensor nodes and RFID tags. Together with ABB we work on platform independent solutions for the theintegration of the Internet of Things into industrial field service.

Start/End: 2008-2011




In the landmarke BMBF project TECO researches how a mobile ad hoc wireless sensor network can improve firefighter navigation in harsh indoor environments. The landmarke vision describes a system which does not focus on precise locationing but on providing navigational support which builds on the existing skills of firefighters. During the mission the firefighters themselves deploy the landmarke sensor nodes as they find it the most useful. This system provides navigational support by using the deployed nodes, also known as landmarken, as way points to navigate to important places and to track firefighters moving along the nodes. Landmarken further allow the storage of tactical information. They mark special places and can indicate which spaces have already been searched or which haven’t been explored yet. While exploring the fire field firefighters further collect knowledge about their environment and synchronize their knowledge with fellow comrades to complement their view of the scene.

Start/End: 2008-2011
Partners: Institute of Firefighter Education NRW, Draeger Safety, Fire Brigade of the City of Cologne, Interactive Wear, Winckel GmbH & Co. KG, Fraunhofer FIT, University Of Siegen, BIBA GmbH
Research Topics: Wireless sensor networks, Ubiquitous Computing applications, Navigation and orientation support




SensorRAUM researches how to integrate and visualize sensor networks in virtual environments. The high density of sensor nodes respectively their sensors often lead to high cognitive load and prevent direct interaction with attached objects. The aim of SensorRAUM is to build 3D virtual environments for a better sensory perception which enable the interaction between real world and virtual world entities.

Start/End: 2007-
Partners: SAP, DUS, Particle Computer GmbH
Research Topics: 3D virtual environments, virtual world, virtual sensor reality, multi user dungeons, metaverses, reduction of cognitive load, presentability of sensor data
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype of virtual platform for ubiquitous applications, demonstrator



OSOITE: Overlay-network Search Oriented for Information about Town Events. OSOITE researches collaboration mechanisms of independent large scale sensor networks and how to improve user interaction with sensor data. Generally speaking people are likely to search things related to their daily lives in the real world ranging from straight-forward queries to complex ones. In order to expedite and realize the usage of sensor networks in ubiquitous society, sensor networks are expected to response to such real-world queries which is part of OSOITE.

Start/End: 2006-
Partners: Tokyo Denki University, University of Tokyo, Keio University, Chuo University, Fixstars
Research Topics: Distributed storage, real-world search, multi-resolution queries, interpolation, web API and query conversion, ease of deployment
Application and economic dissemination: Software kit and demonstrators
Sub-Projects: UScan



P2P4Ubicomp researches how to interconnect various distributed sensor networks, what performance measures are important, what and how information are replicated among involved remote locations etc. The project researches this issues regarding integrating into Internet and Telco environments and builds up large, world-spanning environments.

Start/End: 2006-
Partners: KDDI Research Japan, DUS
Research Topics: RFID system, RFID antenna, RFID based location detection, user behaviour recognition
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype, Used for supervising customer behaviour
Follow-ups: LoCostix



The goal of RELATE is to research in spatial relationships between tangible objects that together form an interface both in P2P location hardware, software (recognition, protocols, applications) and user applications. One goal of the project is to develop generic building blocks for a lightweight short range (room size) location system that does NOT require infrastructure, administration, configuration or management and can be integrated into everyday object. Another goal of the project is to research on potentials and use of such a novel type of location systems. More Information.

Start/End: 2003-2004, 2005-2008 (RELATE II)
Partners: Lancaster University, TU Delft, UMIT
Research Topics: infrared based location systems, ultrasonic based location systems, peer-to-peer location systems, real-time communication protocols, touchable interfaces, location aware applications
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype, applications

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Tiny, ressource poor sensor nodes require novel operating systems concepts to perform appropriate, but also to present a application (and application developer) friendly interface. The project seeks to develop a micro-kernel, distributed operating system that provides UNIX-style API for programmers and represents all ressources as filesystems like ressources.

Start/End: 2005-
Partners: Hide Tokuda Lab, Keio University
Research Topics: operating systems, microkernel, file systems, distributed systems
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype



This project seeks to gather basic understanding in how far context aware camera systems are able to support human memory. The project seeks to develop a small wearable context aware camera device, gains insight into what activities are contributing to events we like to keep in memory, how to recognize these activities using a minimal set of sensors and computing power, how to present the memorized information and studies the use of such a system.

Start/End: 2005-
Research Topics: activity recognition, minimal hardware design, user studies,
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype



LoCostix develops basic technology and applications for ultra low-cost RFID systems to be used for item level tagging. The project addresses problems as antenna integration, packaging of RFID but also novel minimalized communication protocols and offset printed circuits (polymer electronics). The project seeks to prototype such innovative RFID systems while the run of the project, deploy them within warehouse environments (drug stores) and run application studies.

Start/End: 2006-2009
Partners: TU Chemnitz, Philips GmbH, SAP Research, DM GmbH
Research Topics: RFID systems, novel minimized communication protocols, user and application studies
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype, deployment, product


Superimposing RF Transmission


Superimposing codes can be used for a variety of applications in sensor network communication. One of the earliest applications was precise time synchronization of sensor nodes and channel access negotiation in AwareCon. More advances applications are using superimposed codes for ultra-fast ultra power-saving transmission of information – up to 1000 times faster than with traditional approaches. This builds the basis for novel ultra-minimized RF protocols, e.g. for novel types of RFID systems. It can also be used to extend reachability in sensor nodes (cooperative transmission) or using the radio channel to process information.

Start/End: 2000-ongoing
Research Topics: Modulation schemes, superimposing radio waves, collaborative communication, inference modeling, radio propagation models, probabilistic estimation of data transmission, novel MAC protocols, minimal RF hardware design
Application and economic dissemination: basis for real time RF protocol (CoBIs, AwareCon, …)
Follow-ups: LoCostix, CoBIs, RELATE



uParts are tiny little sensor network nodes that are very easy to deploy and run a 0-administration and low configuration (or 0-configuration when used with default) approach. The projects researches how to reach minimum deployment and maintenance costs of a sensor network and includes research on long lifetime hardware, 0-maintanance communication protocols, lower production costs and optimised application developer interfaces for ad-hoc programming. Application runs throughout the world provide feedback information that are evaluated in the project.

Start/End: 2005-
Partners: Hide Tokuda Lab, Keio University
Research Topics: TCO for Sensor networks, ad-hoc programming for sensor network environments, communication protocols, application tests
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype, Used for several projects



The Smart Surroundings research program is investigating a new paradigm for bringing the flexibility of information technology to bear in every aspect of daily life. It foresees that people will be surrounded by deeply embedded and flexibly networked systems that provide easily accessible yet unobtrusive support for an open-ended range of activities, to enrich daily life and to increase productivity at work. This presents a paradigm shift from personal computing to ubiquitous computing , challenging the research community to investigate new building blocks and integrated infrastructures, as well as emerging applications and interaction styles. These systems will create a Smart Surrounding for people to facilitate and enrich daily life and increase productivity at work. These systems will be quite different from current computer systems, as they will be based on an unbounded set of hardware artefacts and software entities, embedded in everyday objects or realized as new types of device. Relevant knowledge areas include embedded systems, computer architecture, wireless communication, distributed computing, data and knowledge modeling, application platforms, human-computer interaction, industrial design, as well as application research in different settings and sectors. Our ambition is to move beyond prototypes toward sustainable systems for implementation of the ubiquitous computing vision. The research effort will span the entire spectrum ranging from scenarios of use, requirements elucidation and through to architectural design.

Start/End: 2004-2007
Partners: University of Twente, Lancaster University, TU Delft, Philips, TNO, Nedap, Roessingh Research, Thales, TalkingHOME, Océ
Research Topics: embedded systems, computer architecture, wireless communication, distributed computing, data and knowledge modeling, application platforms, human-computer interaction, application research
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype, Used for supervising customer behaviour



CoBIs develops a radically new approach to business processes that concerns physical entities in enterprise environments (goods, tools, etc). This approach embraces advances in networked embedded systems to embed business logic in the physical entities, thereby creating Collaborative Business Items (CoBIs). These items bring closer together the state of an enterprise as represented in a business process with what is actually happening in the real world. The intention of CoBIs is to apply advances in Networked Embedded Systems to embed business logic in the physical entities to create Collaborative Business Items that make it possible to relate more closely the state of an enterprise as represented in a business process with what is actually happening in the real world.

Start/End: 2004-2007
Partners: SAP Research, Lancaster University, Infineon AG, BP, University of Twente
Research Topics: Integrating Sensor Systems and Enterprise Systems: Interface definition, process exchange language, mobile code, collaborative activity. Operating system: mobile codes sensor networks. Communication: Real-time communication system (AwareCom), Service Interfaces for Sensor Networks. Hardware: Shock, Chemical robust HW, Application Studies: Use of sensor networks in highly sensitive environments
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype, Deployment at BP in Hull/UK
Follow-ups: Particle-Computer GmbH (Start-Up)

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Chairs with attached devices

AwareOffice researches deployment and of Ubiquitous Computing technology in office settings. One aspect is the embedding of sensor nodes into everyday objects, integration of novel types of devices (e.g. electronic doorplates) and developing hardware, libraries and software for running a office of the future. Other aspects are collection of sensor data an activity monitoring, or user behaviour recognition in general. The project provides also a test-bed platform for other projects (Smart-Its, RELATE, CoBIs, LoCostix).

Start/End: 2003-
Partners: SAP Research
Research Topics: sensor node hardware, development of novel user interface devices, integration of consumer electronics, acclivity recognition and context awareness, user studies
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype, test bed



ContextAsAKey is an approach to reach ad-hoc security and privacy in a Ubiquitous Computing environment without any user involvement – management, configuration nor administration. The basic principle is the use of the common context that exist when computing devices are located close to each other in the same physical environment. Technically the system bases on advanced transformation and recognition methods which are used to compare sensor patterns received by sensors on embedded sensor nodes.

Start/End: 2004-
Research Topics: sensor pattern recognition, sensor pattern comparison
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype



Particle Computer is an enabling platform for various scenarios related to Ubicomp. Particles are tiny wireless nodes where a huge variety of sensors can be attached. Further, the fully programmable micro controller accompanied by powerful libraries let novices as well as professionals implement applications in the fields of sensor networks, human-computer interaction, supply-chain management and many more. The proprietary communication protocol AwareCon is able to handle highly mobile and highly scalable communication situations. Although battery-driven, Particle Computer can achieve lifetime of up to several years. The project covers several aspects including system software and tools for developing Particle applications and sensor data analysis.



The MediaCup is an ordinary coffee cup augmented with sensing, processing and communication capabilities (integrated in the cup’s bottom), to collect and communicate general context information in a given environment. It is an example how to equip everyday objects with computing and communication capabilities. With the MediaCup setup (consisting of several cups and other equipment) we explored the added value of computerized everyday objects. The projects develops a proprietary ultra-low power infrared based communication system, a location aware routing mechanism, a hybrid location system and gains insight to user behaviour of everyday objects performing various studies.

Start/End: 1998-2005
Research Topics: Activity recognition, Location models, location systems, ultra-low-power hardware, embedded interaction, user studies in Ubicomp environments, location aware communication protocols
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype
Follow-ups: Smart-Its, RELATE



Rather than using a hierachical approach to resolve RFIDs indentification code to database information this project researches in using Peer-to-Peer technology. The project showed that privacy of information can be better ensured and higher reliability can be gained using such an approach.

Start/End: 2003
Research Topics: RFID resolving service, P2P systems
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype
Follow-ups: Locostix, P2P4Ubicomp



The Smart-Its project is interested in a far-reaching vision of computation embedded in the world. In this vision, mundane everyday artefacts become augmented as soft media, able to enter into dynamic digital relationships. In our project, we approach this vision with development of “Smart-Its” – small-scale embedded devices that can be attached to everyday objects to augment them with sensing, perception, computation, and communication. “Smart-Its” is enabling technology for building and testing ubiquitous computing scenarios, and we will use them to study emerging functionality and collective context-awareness of information artefacts. While the Smart-Its several types of wireless sensor nodes where build, communication protocols, applications are developed and and user studies performed.

Start/End: 2000-2003
Partners: Lancaster University, ETH Zürich, Interactive Institute, VTT (EU Funded project)
Research Topics: Ubiquitous Computing, wireless sensor nodes hardware, wireless sensor networks, OS for wireless sensor nodes, sensor & context library, context recognition, user studies, applications, distributed awareness, context proximity
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype
Follow-ups: Particle-Computer GmbH (Start-Up), RELATE, CoBIs, AwareOffice, superimposed Transmission

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AwareCon is an approach for communicating in context aware environments and the network stack for the Particle Computers. AwareCon goes beyond traditional network approaches by using sensed context information from the environment to adjust parameters inside the network stack and by optimising the transfer of context information inside Ubiquitous Computing environments. It is therefore both context aware because it uses context information (from own sensors or by being informed from other devices in the environment) to gain performance (in terms of latency, power consumption, real-time behaviour) and it is context aware because it transferees context information. AwareCon consists of two main layers: A lower layer dealing with performance optimised transfer and a higher layer (ConCom) dealing with context information transfer and context description ontology. AwareCon is the network stack used for all pPart Particle Computers.

Start/End: 2002-
Research Topics: Network and communication (all layers), Context aware systems
Application and economic dissemination: Implemented in AwareCon for Particle Computer GmbH



The eSeal concept researches how to extend the concept of seals to general objects using Ubiquitous Computing technology. It identifies which additional threads can be detected using an electronic seal an implements several prototype seals. A major implementation path of eSeal was the DigiClip. The DigiClip system allows the tracking, synchronization and and integrity control of paper-based documents with their electronic counterparts. Particles were integrated in a paper clip and allowed to obtain location information for a document. In conjunction with a document management system, the DigiClip device enabled a physical notification of changes of the electronic document. The sensors of the DigiClip device allow further the application of integrity rules on the physical document, such as document integrity on a single page-level, handling constraints and location restrictions. The DigiClip device hardware was built by the Adam Eames from MIT who did an internship at SAP at this time.

Start/End: 2004-2005
Partners: SAP AG, MIT
Research Topics: Novel sensor hardware, Novel sensor recognition software, sensor nodes, Enterprise systems to sensor network integration
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype, application tests
Follow-ups: CoBIs



ParticleBasic simplifies the programming of sensor nodes and enables rapid prototyping of applications. It consists of two major components: A small scale VM on the Particle Computer and an interpreter running on top of it and a compiler for the development platform (written in JAVA) that generates byte code for the VM. An additional small helper application simplifies the upload of the byte code to the Particle.

Start/End: 2004
Partners: GeorgiaTech
Research Topics: Ad-hoc programming, programming environments, VM
Application and economic dissemination: VM and Compiler for Particle Computer

In/Out Board


The In/Out Board is an ambient display showing the presence of persons in an office environment based on their activity. It integrates recognition of persons using RFID technology and PC based background services with an ambient display.

Start/End: 2004
Partners: SAP AG
Research Topics: RFID system, Integration of information infrastructure
Application and economic dissemination: Implementation running at SAP research



The Smart-Its project is interested in a far-reaching vision of computation embedded in the world. In this vision, mundane everyday artefacts become augmented as soft media, able to enter into dynamic digital relationships. In our project, we approach this vision with development of “Smart-Its” – small-scale embedded devices that can be attached to everyday objects to augment them with sensing, perception, computation, and communication. “Smart-Its” is enabling technology for building and testing ubiquitous computing scenarios, and we will use them to study emerging functionality and collective context-awareness of information artefacts. While the Smart-Its several types of wireless sensor nodes where build, communication protocols, applications are developed and and user studies performed.

Start/End: 2000-2003
Partners: Lancaster University, ETH Zürich, Interactive Institute, VTT (EU Funded project)
Research Topics: Ubiquitous Computing, wireless sensor nodes hardware, wireless sensor networks, OS for wireless sensor nodes, sensor & context library, context recognition, user studies, applications, distributed awareness, context proximity
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype
Follow-ups: Particle-Computer GmbH (Start-Up), RELATE, CoBIs, AwareOffice, superimposed Transmission

Location Aware Communication/RAUM


RAUM is a communication principle for spontaneous communication between small devices in Ubiquitous Computing environments. Its central idea is to use location information to assign producers and consumers of communication events in such environment and provide location aware and location dependent routing to distribute information within Ubiquitous Computing environments. The centre of the RAUM system consists of a hybrid (geometric and semantic or symbolic) location model for describing indoor locations and a location aware, subscription driven routing algorithm.

Start/End: 1997-2002
Research Topics: hybrid location model, geometric location model, location aware routing
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype
Follow-ups: AwareCon



AmbientTelepresence researched the possibility to build up a ambient presence of remote people using a Ubiquitous Computing environment instrumented with embedded devices rather than with video or audio transmission. “Ambient Telepresence is a method to give someone the feeling that someone else is present while they are not co-located”. The project showed that transfer of (selected) ambient events are less obtrusive and allows for a more fine grained, continuous awareness of remote persons. Technically the prototype connects remote sites using the events from the MediaCup and consumer electronics and reproduces an ambient awareness using sound.

Start/End: 2000
Research Topics: CSCW, ambient awareness, user studies
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype



Reminder tools allow users to associate information with time-based alarms. However, in many cases space rather than time may be appropriate to trigger reminders. A wearable artifact, the MemoClip (a small clip), reminds a user of things he should do depending on where he is. A user can associate information to be remembered with a description of a location, download it onto the MemoClip, and then gets notified accordingly when entering the selected location. The project researches how user can be reduce cognitive load using novel types of reminder systems and researches selected topics of hardware and communication protocols – namely ultra-low power location beacons and location beacon communication protocols.

Start/End: 1999-2000
Research Topics: Reminder applications, low-power location beacon hardware, low-power location beacon communication protocols
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype
Follow-ups: MemCam

Ambient Human Computer Interaction, Wearable HCI, implicit Interaction


Several projects reserched the use of ambient, non-obtrusive human-computer interaction. For wearable computers, we developed an interface that is able to observe users behaviour and conclude on the behaviour (implicit Human Computer Interaction). In contrast to traditional HCI concepts, users have not to be trained for the application nor have do they need to be aware of the computer. Applications of this where used to automatic trigger processes in an electronic business workflow based on a users activity. With the WearablePacketReader demonstrator we showed that there is economic merit using such technology. Other applications are used to automatically trigger configurations based on detected activity or how to build non-obtrusive interfaces using HMDs.

Start/End: 1999-2002
Partners: SAP AG
Research Topics: Implicit Human Computer Interaction, Ambient Computing, Ambient Human Computer Interaction, Wearable Computing, Augmented Reality

Point&Click: AIDE


Point&click researches on ways to control devices in the environment using a single handheld device and interface. It concludes that a split in two phases (point and click) is most appropriate also for controlling (embedded) electronic devices in a physical environment. It also found that there is less chance to find a general interface for presenting control to the user and concludes that devices must download control information to the controlling device – but in a structured matter so that differences between various devices are kept minimal. The system approach should follow a 3-step process before interaction (point, click, download). The Point&Click prototype implements a 5 button 1-hand usable small handheld computing interface device that demonstrates the found usability principles.

Start/End: 1999
Research Topics: Interaction design for Ubiquitous Computing environments
Application and economic dissemination: Prototype
Follow-ups: UbicompBrowser, ElectronicManual

UbicompBrowser / ElectronicManual


UbicompBrowser researches how electronic consumer devices embedded into the environment can be connected to the information network using Internet technologies. It results in a prototype that is able to bridge the gap between physical devices and information space by utilizing a handheld device equipped with a Barcode scanner – the UbicompBrowser. Using the UbicompBrowser software a user is able to control the device by first identifying the device and then controlling the device in a proprietary way using a software downloaded from the site of the device producer. The ElectronicManual extends this idea by integrating manual and helping information into the usage of electronic consumer devices.

Start/End: 1998-1999
Research Topics: Ubiquitous Computing environments appliances, Interaction design, Ubiquitous system design, Interaction design, Usage studies
Application and economic dissemination: Prototypes

PHAR: Practical Human Activity Recognition


The goal of this project is to create practical approaches to human activity recognition (HAR). HAR is the process of allowing IT devices, processes and infrastructures to be aware of the situations and activities of the human beings interacting with these systems. Awareness is typically enabled by applying data processing and machine learning techniques to more…

TEA – Technology for Enabling Awareness


As computing devices and sensors get smaller, the interface with their user becomes more and more boring and irritating. The user has to explicitly input everything in detail in order to get some decent service from his device. Part of the solution to this problem is known as CONTEXT AWARENESS: thanks to hardware sensors and more…

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